Longer-term risks of a lung transplant

This looks at possible risks that could occur in the months and years following a lung transplant

Key points

  • Your risk of complications reduces over time but there is still a chance you may experience some problems
  • Each patient is unique and long-term risks differ on a case-by-case basis
  • Staying as fit and healthy as you can will help reduce your risk of long-term complications

What happens in the longer-term after a lung transplant?

Once the first few months after your operation have passed, it is likely that your lung function will have stabilised. After the first 3-6 months, the risk of transplant rejection is lower and your immune suppressing medicines will reduce. This means you won’t have to come into the clinic as often. Patients who do well after a lung transplant may only come to clinic every 3 or 4 months after the first year.

What problems could occur over time?

As time goes by, there is less chance of problems. But there are some long-term risks that can occur in the months and years after your lung transplant.

This page looks at average long-term risks, however every patient is different. Your transplant team will discuss your risks with you.

Very common longer-term risks

These affect more than 10 in 100 patients

Common longer-term risks

These affect between 1 in 100 and 10 in 100 patients

Uncommon longer-term risks

These affect between 1 in 1000 and 1 in 100 patients

Other longer-term risks

All risks vary from patient to patient, but some risks change significantly on a case-by-case basis

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