History of tissue banking
Milestones, developments and reference journals
Large-scale tissue banking in the UK began as a collaboration between the Leeds General Infirmary and the Bacteriology Department of Leeds University.
The Leeds bank expanded and outgrew its facility so Yorkshire Regional Tissue Bank was established in Wakefield to deal with the extra demand.
The National Blood Service (NBS) established two tissue banks in the south of the country, in London and Cambridge. Around the same time, another large tissue bank was established in Wrexham. These were the four largest multi-tissue banks in the country.
The four largest tissue banks joined forces to provide a single comprehensive service throughout the whole country, within the National Blood Service.
A brand new, state-of-the-art, tissue bank facility was opened in Speke near Liverpool; and the tissue processing work that had previously been carried out in the four separate banks was transferred to this "super centre". Co-incidentally, NBS also joined forces with UK Transplant in 2005 to form NHS Blood and Transplant. This organisation now supplies a comprehensive and integrated blood, organ and tissue service to the NHS.