History of tissue banking


Milestones, developments and reference journals

Timeline 

Early 1950s

Large-scale tissue banking in the UK began as a collaboration between the Leeds General Infirmary and the Bacteriology Department of Leeds University.

1965

The Leeds bank expanded and outgrew its facility so Yorkshire Regional Tissue Bank was established in Wakefield to deal with the extra demand.

Mid 1990s

The National Blood Service (NBS) established two tissue banks in the south of the country, in London and Cambridge. Around the same time, another large tissue bank was established in Wrexham. These were the four largest multi-tissue banks in the country.

Late 1990's

The four largest tissue banks joined forces to provide a single comprehensive service throughout the whole country, within the National Blood Service.

2005

A brand new, state-of-the-art, tissue bank facility was opened in Speke near Liverpool; and the tissue processing work that had previously been carried out in the four separate banks was transferred to this "super centre". Co-incidentally, NBS also joined forces with UK Transplant in 2005 to form NHS Blood and Transplant. This organisation now supplies a comprehensive and integrated blood, organ and tissue service to the NHS.

Reference journals

Titles
Titles
Authors
Authors
Journal details
Journal details
Year
Year
A single-stage method of freeze-drying arteries for grafting
Authors
T H Flewett, K S Zinnemann, M W C Oldfield, H S Shucksmith, F Dexter
Journal details
Lancet: 888-890
Year
1995
Studies in the transplantation of bone. VI. Further observations concerning the antigenicity of homologous cortical and cancellous bone
Authors
R G Burwell, G Gowland F Dexter
Journal details
J. Bone and Joint Surg. 45B: 597
Year
1963
Tensile strength of irradiated freeze-dried arterial grafts
Authors
T Horne, A V Pollock, K S Zinnemann
Journal details
Brit. Med. J. 1: 830-831
Year
1959
A bacteriological and histological study of the relative merits of ethylene oxide and b-propiolactone as tissue sterilising agents with special reference to arterial grafts
Authors
T W Sutherland, G M Williamson, K Zinnemann, H S Shucksmith
Journal details
Brit. Med. J. 1: 734-736
Year
1958
Freeze-dried bone-grafts
Authors
C R Berkin, P M Yeoman, G M Williamson, K Zinnemann, F Dexter
Journal details
Lancet i: 730-732
Year
1957

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